The topics of REKLIM

In REKLIM nine research centres have joined together in order to find answers to the following questions:

 

Topic 1: Coupled modelling of regional earth systems
How does the development of the climate depend on the interaction between atmosphere-ocean-ice and land surfaces? What effect do natural and anthropogenic processes have?

Topic 2: Sea level changes from global, regional to local scale
How large are the losses of the continental ice masses (particularly on Greenland) and how does the sea level react on melt water run-off and ocean warming?

Topic 3: Regional climate change in the Arctic
What are the effects of climate change on the Arctic ocean, sea ice and permafrost regions? What are the interactions between cryosphere, land, ocean and atmosphere? Can our understanding of those climate relevant processes at high latitudes be improved by advancing new technologies and methods?

Topic 4: The land surface in the climate system
What are the regional impacts of climate change on the ecosystem, water resources, agriculture, forestry and how do these in turn influence the climate?

Topic 5: Atmospheric composition and climate: Interactions from global to regional scales
What are the important factors determining interactions between regional climate change and atmospheric composition? What are the potential impacts of climate change and air quality changes on human health and ecosystems?

Topic 6: Modelling and understanding extreme meteorological events
How and why has the severity and frequency of extreme weather events changed over past decades? What changes can be expected in a future climate?

Topic 7: Risk analysis and risk management for integrated climate strategies
What risks are related to regional climate change and climate variability and how can they be assessed? How can climate communication be improved based on the analysis of regional and cultural factors? What role does and should science play in supporting decision-makers on the regional level to address, communicate and negotiate climate related risks? How do regional and cultural factors influence public perception of climate change and climate related risks? How can mitigation and adaptation conceptually be connected and used to fill the gap between international and regional climate negotiations?

Topic 8: Abrupt climate change derived from proxy data
Which mechanisms, processes and regional climate patterns intensify abrupt climate changes during interglacials and at glacial-interglacial transitions? How different are these patterns compared to the last interglacial, the Eemian, when the average temperature was about 1-2°C higher than it is now?